For example, at the Lian上海419论坛Hangzhou, Zhejian
g province, which dates from 5,300 to 4,500 years ago, archaeologists unearthed a hug
e dam 3.5 kilometers long and more than 10 meters thick. Ruins of the city cover 3 million square met上海419论坛
ers, and the city’s walls are 40 to 60 meters thick. The discovery was made possible with remote sensing technology.
上海419论坛”In the city center, we found a terrace that is 630 meters by 450 meters,” he said. “Some of the foundations are as large as 900 square meters.”
He estimated that the entire city would have taken 10,000 people a decade or longer to build.上海419论坛女神会所
“It hardly would have been possible for a tribe or a league of tribes to mobilize so many
上海419论坛people,” Wang said. “That indicated a time of early-stage states with wide influence.”
Division of labor, hierarchical social classes and inequality in wealth were also observed when studying the Taosi Site (from
4,300 to 4,100 years ago) in Xiangfen county, Shanxi province, and several other key sites of “huge city ruins”, he said.上海419论坛女神会所
The relics are from what is believed to have been the capital of Emperor Ya
o, a legendary ancient ruler. Some markings were discovered that are believed to be a pro
上海419论坛女神会所totype of written characters, but they appear to have been used exclusively within a small group of ruling elites.
“Around 5,000 years ago, some regions along the Yangtze River, the Yellow River and the western bank
of Liaohe River (in Northeast China) stepped into the age of civilization,” Wang said. Those ancient sta上海419论坛
tes, he said, “controlled certain territory, but had economic, political and cultural connections with each other”.
上海419论坛女神会所During the time of the Erlitou Site (3,750 to 3,550 years ago), in Luoyang, Henan province, China entered what is often called the age of dynasties, Wang said.
“Erlitou marked the time when the Central China plain began to widely influence上海419论坛
the surrounding areas,” he said. “It created a foundation for a united country with multiethnic groups.”
Speaking of how to define “civilization”, Zhao Hui, a professor at Peking University
上海419论坛女神会所who is in charge of the project, said traditional criteria in Western academia, which emphasize the ap
pearance of written characters and metallurgy, have not strictly been used in this project.
Liangzhu and several other early civilizations in China, h上海419论坛女神会所
owever, are known for their highly developed techniques in making jade articles.
上海419论坛女神会所”Some characters of human development are common,” Zhao said. “The
difference also shows there are some unique characters in early Chinese civilization.”
He said Chinese civilization also absorbed influences from other civilizations. Archaeological discoveries sho
w wheat cultivation, breeding of cattle and sheep, and bronze-making technology in China originated in We
stern and Central Asia and were later adopted and acquired local characteristics.